Gynecology Q & A

What is gynecology?

Gynecology is the medical practice that deals with the functions specific to girls and women, such as the female reproductive system and breasts. Gynecologists provide diagnosis and treatment for diseases and abnormalities of the ovaries, vagina, uterus, cervix, and fallopian tubes. They also write birth control prescriptions, conduct STD tests and HPV screenings, and provide tools and treatment for menopause management.

Gynecology specialists also treat urinary incontinence, urinary tract infections, and issues that cause bladder discomfort. The female reproductive organs change constantly throughout the aging process, as a result of sexual activity, pregnancy, or disease or injury. Consequently, your gynecologist ensures you’re healthy at every stage of your life.

What gynecological services might I receive?

Gynecologic care changes throughout the stages of a woman’s life, from puberty to menopause and beyond. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends that girls schedule their first gynecologic visit between ages 13-15.

Gynecological services include:

  • Disease prevention
  • Preventive health care
  • Birth control
  • Infertility treatment
  • Menstrual cycle management
  • Menopause management
  • Gynecologic screenings
  • Diagnostic procedures
  • Minimally invasive surgery

Your doctor recommends scheduling the appropriate preventive health care and screenings based on your age, symptoms, and medical health history.

When should I schedule a gynecologist appointment?

In addition to your annual well-woman exam, you should schedule an appointment whenever you have questions about your reproductive health, menstrual cycle, or female anatomy. You should also schedule an appointment if you experience any of the following potential health problems:

  • Periods that last longer and are heavier than normal
  • Irregular periods
  • Bleeding after sexual intercourse
  • Pain during sexual intercourse
  • Bleeding after menopause
  • Pelvic pain
  • Itching, burning, or pain in your vaginal area
  • Sores or lumps on your genitals
  • Vaginal discharge combined with unpleasant odor or unusual color

Women who have reached menopause should immediately schedule an appointment with their gynecologist if they experience bleeding. This is especially important because bleeding can be a sign of endometrial cancer.

The compassionate team at Advanced Obstetrics & Gynecology offers comprehensive gynecology services, including Pap smears, NovaSure, birth control, and minimally invasive surgery to women throughout every stage of life. To schedule an appointment, call the office or schedule online.